To implement the EU-wide Census 2011, Germany has decided to employ a mixed-mode method that collects data from multiple sources and combines a complete enumeration with A national census in Germany was not taken until the late 1800’s. 8. Why This Census is Important: The 1890 U.S. Federal Census was damaged and destroyed by fire in 1921. The population of self-declared Poles in Poland is estimated at 37,394,000 out of an overall population of 38,538,000, of whom 36,522,000 declared Polish alone. Many of these people were killed in the Holocaust and this census is the last written trace of them. Lithuania Minor, or Prussian Lithuania, is a historical ethnographic region of Prussia, later East Prussia in Germany, where Prussian Lithuanians lived. The region is located on the northern slopes of the central Eastern Carpathians and the adjoining plains, today divided between Romania and Ukraine. The land became depopulated to some extent during the warfare between Lithuania and the Order. Prior to the invasion of the Teutonic Knights in the 13th century, the main part of the territory later known as Lithuania Minor was inhabited by the tribes of Skalvians and Nadruvians. They had been part of, or fiefs of, a Polish state during the early medieval Piast dynasty. Over the centuries, however, they had become Germanized through the processes of German eastward settlement (Ostsiedlung) and political expansion (Drang nach Osten) and for the most part did not even contain a Polish-speaking minority. Old Prussians or Baltic Prussians refers to the indigenous peoples from a cluster of Baltic tribes that inhabited the region of Prussia. West Prussia was established as a province of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1773, formed from Royal Prussia of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth annexed in the First Partition of Poland. Silesia is a historical region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany. The people spoke a language now known as Old Prussian and followed pagan Prussian mythology. The war ended with the Treaty of Melno and the land was resettled by Lithuanian newcomers, returning refugees, and the remaining indigenous Baltic peoples; the term Lithuania Minor appeared for the first time between 1517 and 1526. Because of this problem, the 1895 New Jersey State Census is a highly valuable source as it provides information that would otherwise be found in the Federal Census. Only a statistical summary is available. The German census of 1895 was one of the first full-scale censae organized on all territories of the German Empire. The Province of West Prussia was a province of Prussia from 1773 to 1829 and 1878 to 1922. After the World Wars, only a few full population censuses have been held, the last in 1987. Germany Area and Population Density. This region lent its name to the later state of Prussia. In addition to being an official language of Poland, it is also used by Polish minorities in other countries. Within a seven-year period Denmark, the Habsburg monarchy, and France were vanquished in short, decisive conflicts. Bukovina is a historical region, variously described as in Central or Eastern Europe. The 1891 Census marked the third regularly scheduled collection of national statistics. The German Empire, also known as Imperial Germany, was the German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 until the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1918. However, the record was organized at the peak of the Kulturkampf campaign and it is openly criticized for understating the number of Catholics in most of the areas. Border conflicts between Poland and Czechoslovakia began in 1918 between the Second Polish Republic and First Czechoslovak Republic, both freshly created states. Though the most notorious was the Gulag labor camp system of penal labor, resettling of entire categories of population was another method of political repression implemented by the Soviet Union. The population of Post-World War II Poland became nearly completely ethnically homogeneous as a result of the German-Nazi Holocaust, the radically altered borders, and the deportations ordered by the Soviet authorities, who wished to remove the sizeable Polish minorities from the Baltics (Lithuania) and Eastern Europe. To search without a surname, please select a Year or County to search on. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The 1895 census is the first Volkszählung (German People count) to be published in the Statistik des Deutschen Reiches yearly, with copies surviving. More rarely, the term is used by extension to refer to the power struggles between emerging constitutional democratic nation states and the Roman Catholic Church over the place and role of religion in modern polity, usually in connection with secularization campaigns. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. At the same time, involuntary settlement played a role in the colonization of remote areas of the Soviet Union. There are over 50 million Polish-language speakers around the world and it is one of the official languages of the European Union. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. A few censuses have been taken by various German states, provinces, and cities, and by some ecclesiastical officials.