Refractive Index: 1.502 to 1.513. Many of its traditional uses are supported by scientific evidence. Turmeric is a main ingredient of curry powder. Not any single auspicious day is … Musculoskeletal Inflammation and Natural Products, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 9000 Rockville Pike Bethesda, Maryland 20892, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your health care provider(s). They can also be boiled in water, dried, peeled and then ground. On an international scale, the problem may not be so serious, but closely related species are frequently substituted for true turmeric. 1. Govaerts, R. (1999). In dry weather plants will benefit from being lightly misted daily with rainwater.During autumn, watering should be reduced, and plants should be kept fairly dry over winter, when they will need more light. Specimens of Curcuma longa , including leaves, wood, fruit slices, rhizomes, powder and oil, are held in Kew's Economic Botany Collection. Yellow and orange are both special colours in Hinduism, yellow being associated with Vishnu, and as the colour of the space between chastity and sensuality. "only turmeric formula helps my severe pain yet i get nausea. (eds.) Turmeric should not be confused with Javanese turmeric root (Curcuma zedoaria). Some of these are retained for replanting as a future crop. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Dosage: Infusion: 1 teaspoon per cup of water; or 1:0.85 fresh strength liquid extract: 10-40 drops 1-4 times per day.. A hot water extract of the dried rhizome taken orally was reputed to slow lactation, regulate fat metabolism, help symptoms of diabetes, diarrhoea and liver diseases, and as a tonic calm the stomach. if so name/dosage of it." Hardiness Perennial. Turmeric and curcumin are being investigated for any beneficial effects they might have on conditions such as cancer, dementia and irritable bowel syndrome and for potential cholesterol-lowering effects. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Roasted turmeric has been used as an ingredient of a preparation used to treat dysentery. Rhizomes with a little tooth-like bud on one side should be chosen. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. Turmeric is a tropical plant. Lesser Sunda Is., The naming system adopted by OHAI (around 1976) mainly relies on the use of genus names (Curcuma is the genus involved here), and sometimes on other names, such as species names (e.g., zedoaria, from Curcuma zedoaria), or common names (e.g., ginger, another relative of turmeric and curcuma in the same plant family but different genus). Art and Illustrations in Digifolia Dietary curcumin: correlation between bioavailability and health potential. (eds.) Lung Illnesses (such as bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.) (2012). Only suitable for growing indoors or in a heated greenhouse in temperate regions. Turmeric was probably cultivated at first as a dye and then became valued as a condiment as well as for cosmetic purposes. Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. Punjabi Name: haldi. Turmeric. Telugu Name: Pasupu. Andaman Is., Specific Gravity: 0.916 to 0.936. The NCCIH Clearinghouse provides information on NCCIH and complementary and integrative health approaches, including publications and searches of Federal databases of scientific and medical literature. China South-Central, Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Turmeric(Curcuma longa)(हल्दी) Turmeric is an essential spice that is commonly used in the kitchen every where in india. & Ragan, A. Fortunately, chemical analysis can to some extent establish how pure a product is.Ground turmeric is the most vulnerable product, particularly in local markets. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Line drawing of plant parts: Plant parts of turmeric (C. longa). Turmeric known as Curcuma longa is a native to Asia and India. Malaya, Its primary use is in crafts as a fabric dye. A service of the National Library of Medicine, PubMed® contains publication information and (in most cases) brief summaries of articles from scientific and medical journals. Its rhizomes (underground stems) are the source of a bright yellow spice and dye. In India, it was traditionally used for disorders of the skin, upper respiratory tract, joints, and digestive system. Turmeric is an important yellow food dye and is added to many Indian dishes including curries. Nelson Sutherland, C.H. To prepare the yellow dye, the dried or fresh rhizomes are ground to a paste with water. Other Common Names: Indian saffron, haldi, kunyit. This yogic concept is of the inner cosmology of a being discovered through meditative practice. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Plant cautions If the roots are cut the yellow colour will stain fingers or cloth indelibly, and contact may cause an allergic skin reaction in some people. ODS seeks to strengthen knowledge and understanding of dietary supplements by evaluating scientific information, supporting research, sharing research results, and educating the public. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. Overview: An upright, perennial herb to about 1 m tall. Flavour and common names of turmeric. Few people still use traditional dyeing techniques in South Asia, but turmeric dye gives a yellow colouring to silk, cotton and wool. Its resources include publications (such as Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know), fact sheets on a variety of specific supplement ingredients and products (such as vitamin D and multivitamin/mineral supplements), and the PubMed Dietary Supplement Subset. Ahmed, Z.U. It can be prepared in various ways and is reputed to alleviate asthma and coughs. We encourage you to discuss any decisions about treatment or care with your health care provider. Turmeric is not widely used in Western medicine, but has been investigated as a treatment for some conditions. Dried and spirit-preserved specimens of Curcuma longa are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. (A) habit, flowering clump; (B) rhizome. The plant reaches barely three feet in height and produces both a flower and a rhizome, or stem that … Minimum temperature 18°C. (2008). Pandey, R.P. On the identity of tumeric: the typification of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 37-46. tty (for deaf and hard-of-hearing callers): Email: email@example.com (link sends e-mail). The cooked rhizomes are then dried, either artificially or in the sun, for 6 to 8 days. Having an earthy odour, turmeric has a pungent flavour. Turmeric's common name in the north, haldi , derives from the Sanskrit haridra , and in the south it is called manjal , a word that is frequently used in ancient Tamil literature.Turmeric has a long history of medicinal use in South Asia, cited in Sanskrit medical treatises and widely used in Ayurvedic and Unani systems. Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. Propagation Fresh, plump, juicy looking rhizomes should be selected from raw turmeric sold for food. Leaves: Large, oblong, up to 1 m long, dark green on upper surface, pale green beneath. The colour of turmeric can vary depending on whether the liquid it is mixed with is alkali or acid. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co. Turmeric has been used for many conditions in traditional medicine in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. It is often difficult to identify these species by microscopic examination of the powder. Evenhuis, N.L. Samoa, Gujrati Name: haldi. Curcuma longa is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Trinidad-Tobago, Turmeric can only be grown indoors in temperate regions and is a little tricky to at first, but once the dormancy of the rhizome has been broken it is easy to grow as a houseplant. India is the biggest producer, supplying some 20,000 t each year (94% of the world's demand). The essential oil is also reported to have some insect repellent and insecticidal activity. A prelimanary checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 24: 35-49. Nicobar Is., Gilbert Is., Cambodia, It was introduced to Jamaica in the 18th century. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Turmeric is known by different names in other languages. Turmeric belongs to the ginger family. Efforts have been made to develop curcumin products with increased bioavailability, and many modified products are already on the market. The rhizomes can be cured for use as a spice by boiling and steaming. In: Coates PM, Betz JM, Blackman MR, et al., eds. The fresh juice taken regularly on an empty stomach has been used to prevent stomach disorders. Tonga, Botanical Name: Curcuma longa. Natural Medicines website. The genus Curcuma includes many other economically important species, including C. amada (mango ginger), C. angustifolia (wild arrowroot, narrow-leaved turmeric), C. aromatica (Cochin turmeric, wild turmeric) and C. zedoaria (zedoary). Pests Red spider mite can be an occasional problem in older plants: regular misting and keeping leaves well-washed will reduce this. Imported into the United States in 2014 were approximately 5.4 million kilograms (12 milli… Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221. (2013). (2008). Sri Lanka, Turmeric has been used in India for at least 2,500 years. They should be kept damp and warm, in a slightly shaded position and fed weekly during the growing season with general-purpose liquid fertiliser. Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. Turmeric is also made into a paste for skin conditions. 500 mg of curcumin, a chemical in turmeric, has been used daily for 2 months. MIM, Deurne. Take charge of your health—talk with your health care providers about any complementary health approaches you use. Sumatera, Dy Phon, P. (2000). This makes an alkali solution, so acidic lime juice was added to neutralise it. This can be seen in traditional dyeing techniques where acid might be added at various stages. An Indian spicy recipe without turmeric may not have the desired flavour of the dish. In Europe and the USA, turmeric is widely used as a colouring agent in processed foods, sauces, pharmaceuticals, confectionery and textile dyes. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai. & Eldredge, L.G. Puerto Rico, Curcumin is a major component of turmeric, and the activities of turmeric are commonly attributed to curcuminoids (curcumin and closely related substances). One of the main yellow pigments in turmeric is curcumin (described above under Western medicine). & Dilwakar, P.G. ; For depression. Family Name: Zingiberaceae. Orange colours can be made in different ways using yellow turmeric paste, red pigment from safflowers ( Carthamus tinctorius ) and acidic mango rind in water. Common Name: Turmeric Scientific Name: Curcuma longa Other Names: Kasturi Manjal, Curcuma, Turmeric Root, Yu Jin, Safran Bourbon, Indian Saffron, Pian Jiang Huang. Édisud, Aix-en-Provence. It was recorded in China by 700 AD, East Africa by 800 AD and West Africa by 1200. It should not be used during pregnancy. Turmeric has also been used in tooth powder or paste. Turmeric and curcumin have a variety of interesting biological activities, but they’re challenging to study because curcumin is unstable (it easily changes into other substances) and has low bioavailability (not much of it reaches the bloodstream) when it’s taken orally. La Conaissance des Plantes Exotiques: 1-324. It is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and, like ginger, is considered a spice. Leeward Is., As turmeric and other spices are commonly sold by weight, the potential exists for powders of toxic, cheaper agents with a similar color to be added, such as lead(II,IV) oxide ("red lead"). Rhizomes are then washed. For hay fever. 2004-09-16. Now synthetic dyes tend to be used instead, but these can be harmful to the skin. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento. The mention of any product, service, or therapy is not an endorsement by NCCIH. Harvesting is carried out by digging up the rhizomes. Editorial: curcumin: recent insights, novel developments, new challenges. sept. 2005: 1-158. Thailand, New Caledonia, Pitcairn Is., Turmeric dietary supplements are made from the dried rhizome and typically contain a mixture of curcuminoids. Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Contact may cause an allergic skin reaction in some people. Sirirugsa, P., Larsen, K. & Maknoi, C. (2007). Optical Rotation: -24 to -27. The essential medicinal chemistry of curcumin. Turmeric - Curcuma longa in the Zingiberaceae or Ginger family Part used: Rhizome.. Taste/smell: Bitter, pungent and aromatic.. Girmansyah, D. & al. Turmeric only reproduces via its rhizomes.