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Other catfish commonly found in the aquarium trade are banjo catfish, talking catfish, and long-whiskered catfish. They are the only ostariophysans that have entered freshwater habitats in Madagascar, Australia, and New Guinea. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Lacantuniidae [36], Catfish are easy to farm in warm climates, leading to inexpensive and safe food at local grocers. Click on the species name to view the detailed information for the species… The variability in catfish sound signals differs due to a few factors: the mechanism by which the sound is produced, the function of the resulting sound, and physiological differences such as size, sex, and age. [5] Some of the smallest species of Aspredinidae and Trichomycteridae reach sexual maturity at only 1 centimetre (0.39 in). Cetopsidae (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 1996 - 2020 PlanetCatfish.com, part of the Aquatic Republic Network group of websites. The following list has the fish ordered by type: Rare, Big and Common. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. This is the largest giant Mekong catfish caught since Thai officials started keeping records in 1981. Mystus gulio. According to Practical Fishkeeping, there are now over 3,000 species of catfish around the world.Depending on the species, catfish can range in size from 1.5 to 2 inches (4 to 5 cm) to hundreds of pounds, like the behemoths on this list.All of the catfish on this list … ", Catfish is eaten in a variety of ways. It lies beneath the skin where its outline may be determined by dissecting the skin or probing with a needle. Notes are given about some of the features used to tell different families apart, click here if you need some help with these anatomical terms. Astroblepidae 32. [54] This makes the catfish order the second or third most diverse vertebrate order; in fact, 1 out of every 20 vertebrate species is a catfish. Heteropneustidae Austroglanididae Many species of this fish exist, but are not yet officially identified; the three common aquarium species are known as L-018, L-081, and L-177. While most studies, both morphological and molecular, agree that catfishes are arranged into three main lineages, the relationship among these lineages has been a contentious point in which morphological and molecular phylogenetic studies differ. It's a great way to keep informed about your favorite fish species. (2007). Identification information on freshwater fish, features and glossary of fish terms, reef fish guide, shark guide, and deep water fish guide. Ailiidae[1] In the Indian state of Kerala, the local catfish, known as thedu' or etta in Malayalam, is also popular. Clariidae Many catfish species have "stings" (actually non-venomous in most cases) embedded behind their fins; thus precautions must be taken when handling them. For an excellent introduction / overview, check out this article, failing all that, try the glossary. These juveniles can be readily placed in their families, particularly those with highly derived fin or body shapes; in some cases identification of the genus is possible. The species count is in constant flux due to taxonomic work as well as description of new species. [25], Catfish have one of the greatest ranges in size within a single order of bony fish. More topics in this section. Heptapteridae Many of the smaller species, particularly the genus Corydoras, are important in the aquarium hobby. As a defense, these spines may be locked into place so that they stick outwards, which can inflict severe wounds. [5] They are most diverse in tropical South America, Asia, and Africa, with one family native to North America and one family in Europe. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Size. While in the first study this relationship was proposed[53] the "morphological" hypothesis could not be rejected, the new, "molecular" phylogenetic hypothesis was later obtained in numerous other phylogenetic studies based on genetic data. [42], In Indonesia, catfish is usually served fried or grilled in street stalls called warung and eaten with vegetables and sambal; the dish is called pecel lele or pecak lele. Named for their prominent barbels, which resemble a cat's whiskers, catfish range in size and behavior from the three largest species alive, the Mekong giant catfish from Southeast Asia, the wels catfish of Eurasia, and the piraíba of South America, to detritivores (species that eat dead material on the bottom), and even to a tiny parasitic species commonly called the candiru, Vandellia cirrhosa. [30][31], Catfish can produce different types of sounds and also have well-developed auditory reception used to discriminate between sounds with different pitches and velocities. Pangasiidae Sisoridae 56: Neotype description for the African catfish Clarias Gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) (Pisces: Siluroidei: Clariidae), Sustainable seafood advisory lists and certification, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Catfish&oldid=990256251, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, All articles containing potentially dated statements, गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The biggest flathead catfish caught was by Ken Paulie in the Elk City Reservoir in Kansas.

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