The latter is an aggressive But native loosestrife has smaller pale pink flowers that are separated (invasive has dense spikes of dark purple flowers). to purplish green with 6 lanceolate teeth. fens, borders of lakes and ponds, areas along rivers and drainage Winged Loosestrife Lythrum alatum Loosestrife family (Lythraceae) Description: This perennial plant is up to 3' tall, branching occasionally from the lower half of the central stem. occurs only Each flower is about ½" across or Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) Purple Loosestrife Invading . noticeable floral scent. unio (Pearly Wood Nymph), reportedly feed on these plants. Winged Loosestrife is the native next of kin to the widely invasive and destructive Purple Loosestrife, Lythrum salicaria that was introduced by gardeners via the global nursery industry and is now ranked among the most highly problematic invasive species in North America. Purple Loosestrife Species Lythrum salicaria. Southern winged loosestrife (Lythrum alatum var. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is a woody half-shrub, wetland perennial that has the ability to out-compete most native species in BC’s wetland ecosystems.Dense stands of purple loosestrife threaten plant and animal diversity. Winged loosestrife is rare in New England, where it reaches the northeastern limit of its range. Unlike invasive purple loosestrife, which easily gets out of control and causes environmental disasters, winged loosestrife can safely be used in cultivation where striking spikes of purple flowers will embellish moist or wet areas. Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata Primrose family (Primulaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial wildflower is 1-4' tall, unbranched or sparingly branched, and more or less erect. Leaves mostly opposite, sometimes alternate toward the top, stalkless, narrow, linear-oblong to lance-shaped with a rounded base and pointed tip. Statewide, though mostly absent from southeastern Missouri. A Eurasian aphid, Myzus The Arrival. Think of all the ferns, grasses, sedges, lilies, peas, sunflowers, nightshades, milkweeds, mustards, mints, and mallows — weeds and wildflowers — and many more! not, be exerted. Winged loosestrife is a shorter, less showy species than purple loosestrife (Blackwell, 1970), and grows in wet meadows as a sub-dominant . As compared to the native plant, Purple Loosestrife has wingless stems, a larger size, and slender willow-like leaves that often have hairs. of 6 stamens and a pistil with a single style; the style may, or may We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. and drought. purple that leads to the throat of the flower. usually alternate in the smaller side stems. bracts, which If you see purple loosestrife growing outside cultivation, please contact the Missouri Department of Conservation to report the location. This plant has trouble competing Pachybrachis calcaratus. winged and hairless. The pictures posted, while not high quality, are of Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) which is a very invasive plant that is causing major environmental damage. Winged loosestrife is a native Missouri wildflower that should not be confused with the nonnative invasive purple loosestrife. Over two ), and leaf-cutting bees (Megachile spp.). their margins, and sessile. I think the loosestrife is able to establish itself easily because it does not have as many species eating its leaves as the Winged loosestrife so it has the advantage to produce more of its species, which is why the Purple loosestrife quickly occupies a lot of space in a ecosystem. (Winged Loosestrife), Purple Loosestrife Winged The pale purple petals have a darker purple mid-vein and resemble the texture of wrinkled tissue paper.
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